4 punitive expeditions to Katibas

The Katibas, who had hitherto been supporters of the Government,
had been led astray by the chief Balang a in 1866, who then
laid a well -planned trap to get the Resident, Mr. J. B.
Cruickshank, into his hands to murder him. He was
captured by the Rajah, and taken to Sibu, where he was
executed.

Due to the joining of Unggat and Gerinang with Enjop and Balang’s relatives in their enmity against the Rajah, fighting suddenly broke out in the Katibas in 1868.

Due to the revolt of the Katibas Iban, the upper Batang Ai Iban under chief Ngumbang, while reinforcing their relatives, were attacked by the Rajah in 1868. These troubles were the first signs of what became continuing unrest in the headwaters of the Batang Ai and the Batang Rajang which was to last until 1919.

In July, 1868, the Rajah led an expedition against the
Delok Dayaks living in the Upper Batang Lupar for causing
trouble over the borders, and another in May, 1870, against
the Beloh Dayaks in the Katibas for the same reason.

Both these expeditions were successful, but no particulars
of either are to hand. These expeditions, however, did not
result in a final settlement of these disturbed remote districts.
The Dayaks submitted, only to break out again, and the lesson
had to be repeated several times.

While Naga and his people lived at Batu Gong they were twice attacked by the Rajah’s force during the first and second Katibas expeditions against Enjop, the brother of Balang, in 1869 and 1870.

Enjop and his followers were reinforced by Iban from Julau, Kanowit and Kanyau in Indonesian Borneo. This trouble continued until 1871 and involved three successive punitive expeditions.

The Dutch had complained of this, and the Rajah had
attacked them in 1870, as we have recorded, but as they
continued to give trouble, he again attacked them, for the third
time, in July 1871 , taking them on this occasion completely
by surprise ; and driving their chief, Unjup, over the frontier,
where he might have been captured.

Unjup was the brother of the powerful chief Balang, who had been previously
executed for plotting against the Government. 1 Later on he
was allowed to return, and was pardoned on making humble
submission. He subsequently became a Government chief or
pengulu, but he was a useless character.

After the third attack, this tribe was moved to the lower waters of the
Katibas, and an interval of uninhabited jungle was put between them and their enemies.

In October, 1876, the Rajah for the fourth and last time
attacked the Katibas Dayaks with a small force of about
a thousand Dayaks and Malays. This led to the submis-
sion of these people, and they were forced to leave the
Katibas river, and move to the main river. Since then no
Dayaks have been allowed to live on the Katibas, and from
the Rejang side the border troubles almost ceased.

Source: http://www.archive.org/stream/historyofsarawak00bari/historyofsarawak00bari_djvu.txt

3 thoughts on “4 punitive expeditions to Katibas

  1. uwa1971 Post author

    The 4 punitive expeditions to Katibas: in 1869, 1870, Jul 1871 and Oct 1876.

    Expeditions against Ngumbang/Ulu Ai :
    1. 1868 (after he burnt Lubok Antu Fort),
    2. Second expedition?,
    3. Jabu of Skrang to attack Belumbong,
    4. Expedition against Jugol at Seligi Hill in Dec 1875,
    5. Ngumbang relented (and appointed a pengulu?),
    6. Kedang expedition (Serang Rata) in 1886,
    7. (forced) peacemaking at Lubok Antu in 1888

    Expeditions against Bantin/Ulu Ai:
    1. 1896 first expedition to Delok,
    2. Second/Cholera expedition (Kayau Buntu) in 1902,
    4. 1903 Several major expeditions
    5. Peacemaking at Kapit in 1907 (with Charles Hose)
    6. Sep 1908 expedition to Delok
    7. 1909 Bantin agreed to pay fine with AB Ward (peacemaking again)
    8. 1915 Expedition to Delok and Jingin rivers
    9. 1920 Final peacemaking before dismantling of the palisade of Lubok Antu
    10. 1924 Great peacemaking at Simanggang and Kapit

    Jerita “bebanchak Babi’ Kelia

    Nama reti leka jaku ‘Bebanchak Babi’ ti suah amai disebut ba mulut tuai-tuai kelia? Bisi kebuah aku deka mai kita bekunsika jerita tu. Keterubah nya endang kena nerang reti leka jaku tu. Lalu kedua kena kitai mulaika pengingat enggau ngambika lalu nyimpan jerita lama (Historical Event) ti bansa tu ba dalam rikod media elektronik.

    Reti jaku ‘Bebanchak Babi’ ti diterangka ditu ianya adat ti dikena ketuai menya besempekat, bebaik tauka adat badu bekayau, beserang pangan diri.

    Nyadi dulu kelia baka ti endang ditemu kitai, apin penatai Raja Kulit Putih ari England, rambau nya kelia kitai iban endang ngemeranka pengawa ngayau nyadika siti ari gaya idup (Culture) kitai.

    Nya alai lebuh Raja Kulit Putih (Raja James Brooke 1842-1863, Raja Charles Brooke 1868-1917, Raja Charles Vyner Brooke 1917-1946) merintah menua Sarawak, ketebal agi pengawa Raja nya nagang penyawa kitai Iban ti bekayauka pangan diri ari ti ngaga pemansang ke dipengunaka rayat.

    Nyadi adat Raja ti nagang lalu deka ngemunaska adat bekayau (Culture of Headhunting) ba raban bansa Iban balat bendar ngemediska ati sereta dikenggaika tuai-tuai Iban ti Tuai Kayau, Tuai Serang, Raja Berani, Bujang Berani enggau ti dikumbai Manuk Sabung, Manuk Pukung.

    Nya alai dikena nagang enggau ngemunaska pengawa bekayau, dia Raja suah ngatur adat ‘Bebanchak Babi’ (Peace Making) dikena bebaika tuai-tuai ti keran deka bebunuh ngelaban pangan diri.

    Nyadi keterubah adat ‘Bebanchak Babi’ tu diatur Raja, ianya ba tengah Kubu Lubuk Antu (diatu dikumbai Fort Arundell) kena 27 June 1888. Ianya dikena bebaikka laya entara Iban Ulu Batang Ai enggau Iban ari Kapuas Ulu, ba menua Kalimantan, Indonesia ti enggai badu bekayauka pangan diri.

    Nyadi kenu ku jerita ti ditusoi urang ke tuai, penyarut nya kelia betumbuh ari siku iban ti benama Langgai ari Besayah, Kapuas Ulu ti mukut Belayung kitai Iban ari Ulu Batang Ai lebuh sida ti ngabang ke sepiak nyin. Nya alai ketegal laya nya, dia kitai Iban ari Ulu Batang Ai lalu nyerang rumah panjai sida Langgai di Besayah enggau sekeda rumah-rumah panjai din ti dipansa sida.

    Baka nya mega Iban ari sepiak nyin malas nyerang ke sepiak kitai kitu nadai milih bagi rumah ti enggau bemunsuh.

    Lebuh adat ‘Bebanchak Babi’ nya dikereja menya, tuai-tuai ti nguluka bala Iban ari Ulu Batang Ai iya nya Pengarah Jimbun ari Jengin, Penghulu Ngali ari Delok enggau Penghulu Tembak ari Tinting Lalang.

    Lalu tuai-tuai ti nguluka bala Iban ari Kapuas Ulu ianya Temenggong Budit ari Lanja, Pateh Menggong ari Malai enggau Temenggong Tutong ari Ampar. Sida tu ti datai rambau nya menya endang sama-sama bisi mai Tajau Ampun sigi ari sepiak-sepiak ti lalu dipetukarka sida enggau pangan diri.

    Nangkanka nya adat ‘Bebanchak Babi ‘ mega bisi diatur dua kali ba Simanggang iya nya kena 4 August 1920 enggau kena 1 February 1924 dikena bebaikka Iban ari Batang Ai Engkari muak sepiak enggau Iban ari Lemanak, Skrang enggau Layar ari sepiak.

    Adat ‘Bebanchak Babi’ ti pemadu besai diatur Raja Charles Vyner Brooke ianya kena 16 November 1924 ti dikereja ba Kapit dikena bebaikka Kayan enggau bala Iban Ulu Batang Ai, Ulu Batang Rajang ti betuaika Penghulu Koh ari sepiak. Lalu ari sepiak bala Kayan, Kenyah ti ari Batang Rajang begulai enggau bala Kayan, kenyah ari Apoh Kayan pegai perintah Belanda di Kalimantan Indonesia betuaika Tama Kila.

    Pengerami nya kelia digulu lebih 4000 bala tuai-tuai kayau begulai enggau bala manuk sabung enggau bujang berani ari kedua-dua piak ti sama chukup ngena ngepan, pekayan kayau, bebai terabai enggau sangkuh, betangkin pedang, ilang tauka nyabur.

    Pemesai ti ngulu pengerami nya kelimpah ari Raja Charles Vyner Brooke, bisi mega datai siku Captain ari Netherlands Indies Army enggau siku Controleur Apoh Kayanti di Kalimantan.

    Nyadi bala Kayan enggau Kenyah ti ari Apoh datai ngena 95 buah perau pengayau ti diuluka perau Tama Kila. Perau sida nya undur empat-empat buah begandin lalu sesiti baris nya bisi kira 50 ila ngentudika pangan diri.

    Lebuh sida ngelimpas kapal Raja, dia meriam pan lalu diselup; Bala sida nya mega lalu sama-sama sereta nirika sengayuh dikena nyelut Raja Charles Vyner Brooke enggau pemesai-pemesai kulit putih ti ba dek kapal nya.

    Pengerami nya menya tebilang agi dikumbai ‘Palit mata, Sapu mua’.

    Dalam pengerami ‘Bebanchak Babi’ nya kelia, dia Tuan Raja lalu meri Tajau Menaga Labang (Burak) sigi siku ngagai Penghulu Koh seduai Tama Kila enggau setawak selebuan siku ngagai sapit seduai. Nya ketanda sida nya udah nulung Raja ngaluska menua. Lalu Penghulu Koh lalu dititah perintah nyadi Temenggong.

    Lebuh pengerami adat ‘Bebanchak Babi’ tu dikereja, dia tuai-tuai kayau sereta enggau bala manuk sabung sida lalu bertabur beras kuning, besumpah besemaia badu bekayau lalu betukar tajau tauka setawak dikena sida nanggam jaku semaya sida enggau pangan diri.

    Udah temu atur ti besilihka tajau enggau setawak, nya baru atur ti manchak babi enggau sangkuh lunju pen dikereja tuai ari kedua-dua piak ba mua bala mayuh sereta enggau panjung-panjung.

    Udah tembu manchak babi, dia sida lalu berengkah makai, ngirup sereta lalu betabi, betundi berandau enggau pangan diri.

    Nya alai baka nya meh tuju enggau reti jaku ‘Bebanchak Babi’ enggau cara, gaya iya dikereja urang ke tuai dulu kelia. Nyadi laban adat tu lama udah dilengkaka, nya alai sida ke rebak dudi kemaya ari tu ukai semina enda nemu reti leka jaku tu, tang mega nadai kala ninga iya disebut agi enti iya enda dirikod ngena teknologi pemadah kitai ti baka tu.

    http://tintingpanjai.rumahpanjai.com/2011/03/sejarah-bebanchak-babi-kelia.html

    Reply
  2. uwa1971 Post author

    In May 1970, Lintong attacked the Sibu Fort. Several months later (in Aug 1970?), The Rajah Charles Brooke led an expedition up the Katibas river to punish Lintong, who was captured and made to live for some years under supervision at Kuching.

    Another expedition to Kanowit and Katibas in 1971 to burn the longhouses and remove further down the Rejang.

    From here, they attacked peaceful Dayaks of upper Batang Lupar and retired to Ulu Ai. Rajah followed them there in 1875 and temporarily cowed them.

    After another expedition in the following year (in 1876), the remainder of the Katibas were resettled nearer the coast.

    In 1878, a Skrang chief, Kedu “Lang Ngindang” started to raid his neighbours in the Kantu river.

    Source: The White Rajah: A History of Sarawak from 1841 to 1946
    By Steven Runciman

    Reply

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